Safety Training Handout
How does the body respond to heat?
Why do the body’s cooling mechanisms sometimes fail?
What factors contribute to heat-related illness?
Recognizing and treating the most common heat disorders
Signs & symptoms
Total breakdown of body’s cooling system
High body temp (>103), sweating stops and skin is hot red and dry; headache, dizziness, weakness, rapid pulse
Treat as a medical emergency; move victim to cool area, immerse victim in cool water or massage victim’s body with ice; do not give liquids
Excessive loss of water and salt
Heavy sweating, intense thirst, skin is pale and cool, rapid pulse, fatigue/weakness, nausea & vomiting, headache, blurred vision, fainting
Move to cool area, rest with legs elevated, loosen clothing, drink plenty of fluids
Painful spasms in arms, legs and abdomen; hot, moist skin
Drink fluids, massage cramped areas, rest
Fatigue, weakness, dry mouth
Drink fluids and replace salt
Clogged sweat glands
Rash of pink pimples, intense itching, tingling
Cleanse area & dry; apply calamine or other lotion.
What can be done to prevent heat–related illness?